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Trapped Ion Studies of Ion-Molecule Reactions

Citation

Miasek, Peter George (1973) Trapped Ion Studies of Ion-Molecule Reactions. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:01312018-133321152

Abstract

Ion-molecule reactions have been studied using a novel high pressure mass spectrometer employing crossed electric and magnetic fields for ion trapping. These studies have been supplemented by ones undertaken using trapped-ion ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) spectrometry.

Reaction rate constants at low ion energies have been measured in many systems, and compare favourably with results of other studies. Correlations of measured rates with theoretical models have characterized certain features of ion-neutral collision processes. Comparisons between chemically similar systems have also provided information about these encounters.

Internal excitation of reactant ions has been shown to induce thermodynamically disallowed reactions. Evidence suggesting the participation of vibrationally excited ions reacting at different rates than their ground state counterparts is presented.

The formation and lifetimes of excited intermediates in ethylene and methanol has been investigated in detail. Relative rates of collisional stabilization of (C5H9+)* by inert gases have been determined and compared with similar processes in neutral systems. Stabilization of (C5H9+)* by ethylene itself exhibits different characteristics than those of inert gases.

The equilibrium constant of a reversible ion-molecule reaction has been measured at two temperatures and used to determine the enthalpy and entropy change for the process.

The rates of various thermoneutral proton and charge-transfer reactions have been measured using trapped ion-ion ejection ICR spectrometry. This has enabled a detailed characterization of the collisional phenomena in these systems.

The kinetic energy distribution of CH3+ arising from ionization of methyl halides has been determined using ICR spectrometry and photoionization spectroscopy. Inferences about the nature of the dissociative states are presented.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Beauchamp, Jesse L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:31 January 1973
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Atomic Energy CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:01312018-133321152
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:01312018-133321152
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10662
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 16:33
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 16:33

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