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Butadiene from the Pyrolysis of 2,3-Dichlorobutane


Skinner, Davis Ayres (1936) Butadiene from the Pyrolysis of 2,3-Dichlorobutane. Master's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/ZX4V-1K10.



1. A satisfactory laboratory apparatus and method for preparing butadiene from 2,3-dichlorobutane, by passing over BaCl2 on pumice, at temperatures ranging from 500-600°C., has been described.

2. An analytical method for the products is developed using maleic anhydride to absorb butadiene, 87 percent sulfuric acid for butenes, and fractional distillation for the separation of chlorobutenes from the butadiene.

3. Butadiene, chlorobutene, butene, lower hydrocarbons, and hydrochloric acid have been shown to result from the pyrolysis of 2,3-dichlorobutane over BaCl2.

4. Conditions are described for obtaining yield, of butadiene as high as 57.6% and optimum conditions are predicted. The higher yields here obtained exceeding those found in the literature, for this pyrolysis.

Item Type:Thesis (Master's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Chemical Engineering
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lacey, William Noble (advisor)
  • Lucas, Howard J. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1936
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:12052017-105033167
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10585
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:05 Dec 2017 21:31
Last Modified:17 Aug 2023 00:18

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