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The Total Synthesis of Dragmacidins D and F


Garg, Neil Kamal (2005) The Total Synthesis of Dragmacidins D and F. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Q4GM-9610.


The dragmacidins are an emerging class of bis(indole) natural products isolated from deep-water marine organisms. Although there has been a substantial effort to prepare the simple piperazine dragmacidins, little synthetic work has been done in the area of the pyrazinone-containing family members, dragmacidins D, E, and F. These compounds are particularly interesting due to their complex structures and broad range of biological activity.

A highly convergent strategy to access dragmacidin D has been developed. In this approach, sequential halogen-selective Suzuki couplings were used to assemble the carbon scaffold of the natural product. After executing a highly optimized sequence of final events, the first completed total synthesis of dragmacidin D was achieved.

An enantiodivergent strategy for the total chemical synthesis of both (+)- and (-)-dragmacidin F from a single enantiomer of quinic acid has been developed and successfully implemented. Although unique, the synthetic routes to these antipodes share a number of key features, including novel reductive isomerization reactions, Pd(II)-mediated oxidative carbocyclization reactions, halogen-selective Suzuki couplings, and high-yielding late-stage Neber rearrangements.

The formal total syntheses of dragmacidin B, trans-dragmacidin C, and dihydrohamacanthin A are described. In addition, preliminary studies involving a novel approach for the preparation of dragmacidin E are reported.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:dragmacidin; heterocycle; indole; natural products; palladium; Suzuki; total synthesis
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Awards:The Herbert Newby McCoy Award, 2005.
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Stoltz, Brian M.
Thesis Committee:
  • Tirrell, David A. (chair)
  • Stoltz, Brian M.
  • MacMillan, David W. C.
  • Dervan, Peter B.
Defense Date:17 March 2005
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-03222005-133937
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1058
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 Mar 2005
Last Modified:08 Nov 2023 00:39

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