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Hydrogen Bonding in Alcohols


Rosser, Willis Andrew, Jr. (1952) Hydrogen Bonding in Alcohols. Master's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/2S8Z-D418.


It is usually assumed in optical absorption work that the natural stretching frequency of the hydroxyl group in an alcohol is appreciably changed by hydrogen bonding. A survey of work relating to hydrogen bonding in alcohols favors this assumption. Moreover, it appears that the deviation of alcohols in solvents such as carbon tetrachloride from Henry's law is primarily due to hydrogen bonding polymerization, the extent of such deviation being the same for the lower aliphatic alcohols and phenol.

Optical transmission measurements on dilute solutions of methyl alcohol and of ethyl alcohol in carbon tetrachloride were used to determine for these alcohols the dimerization constants associated with the reaction.

2 ROH → (ROH)2

These constants in turn were used in support of the contention that the polymerization constants associated with the reactions

(ROH)g-1 + ROH → (ROH)g

are not independent of g as has been assumed on occasion.

The viscosity of solutions of alcohols in carbon tetrachloride is briefly discussed in a semi-quantitative manner.

Item Type:Thesis (Master's thesis)
Subject Keywords:Chemistry
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Badger, Richard McLean
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1952
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10182017-132702543
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10527
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:18 Oct 2017 20:43
Last Modified:16 May 2023 22:18

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