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Biochemical Genetics of Neurospora Pertaining to Various Aromatic Metabolites


Haskins, Francis Arthur (1951) Biochemical Genetics of Neurospora Pertaining to Various Aromatic Metabolites. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/2CKA-TG54.


The following nine mutant strains of Neurospora crassa were used in these studies: E5212, C86, B1312, 39401, 10575, C83, E5029, 4540, and 3416.Each of these nine mutants is able to utilize one or more of the following compounds: quinic acid, tyrosine, phenylalanine, anthranilic acid, indole, tryptophane, o-N-formylkynurenine, kynurenine, 3-hydroxykynurenine, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, and nicotinic acid.

Metabolic accumulations by four of the strains have been studied. The accumulation of anthranilic acid by mutant 10575 has been recognized for some time. It is now clear that this strain accumulates other highly fluorescent substances and at least one other biologically active substance. Mutant C83 accumulates relatively large quantities of anthranilic acid, and an unidentified derivative of indole. Strain E5029 accumulates a compound, apparently anthranilic acid, with biological activity for strain B1312; unidentified 39401-active and E5212-active substances; and kynurenicacid, which is biologically inactive. Mutant E5212 accumulates anthranilic acid, nicotinic acid, and also a substance which is active for E5212 itself.

Evidence has been obtained which indicates that in Neurospora antranilic acid is a precursor of tryptophane, with indole as an intermediate between the two compounds; and also that tryptophane is degraded to anthranilic acid, with kynurenine as an intermediate. Thus a metabolic cycle involving anthranilic acid, indole, tryptophane, and kynurenine is clearly indicated.

Crosses involving mutants 39401 and C86 have furnished evidence that the mutation which prevents the growth of 39401 on minimal medium is the same as that which prevents the growth of C86 on minimal, and that a number of modifiers affect this primary mutation in such a way that off spring are produced which differ qualitatively in growth requirements fr om both C86 and 39401. Six modifiers have been postulated to explain the observed ascus segregations. In addition a suppressor of the primary mutation has been found. Possible mech­anisms by which the modifiers exert their effects are considered briefly.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:(Genetics and Plant Physiology), Biology
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Major Option:Biology
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Mitchell, Herschel K.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1951
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Atomic Energy CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10132017-112359126
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10516
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:13 Oct 2017 19:15
Last Modified:03 May 2023 18:48

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