Citation
Alder, Berni Julian (1952) The Radial Distribution Function and the Thermodynamic Properties of Monatomic Liquids. A Statistical Mechanical Theory of the Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity of Monatomic Liquids. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/22ER1E05. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10032017141351791
Abstract
A fluid consisting of molecules interacting with the LennardJones intermolecular potential but with rigid cores is treated by the Kirkwood and the BornGreen statistical mechanical formulations. The integral equation for the radial distribution function of this fluid is solved numerically by a series expansion of all temperature dependent quantities in the reciprocal of the temperature. The first three terms of this series for the radial distribution function have been evaluated over a wide range of densities for the BornGreen integral equation.
The distribution functions so obtained have been used to calculate the equation of state, the excess internal energy, and the excess entropy of this fluid. The two phase region of this equation of state is determined. For reasonable values of the parameters in the potential, these calculated quantities agree within 10% to 20% with experimental data available for argon.
At one density a comparison between the Kirkwood and the BornGreen theories shows that the two formulations agree closely.
A molecular theory of the coefficient of heat conductivity of monatomic liquids is developed on the basis of the general theory of transport processes presented by Kirkwood in 1946. The coefficient is expressed in terms of the intermolecular force and the equilibrium radial distribution function. Substituting for these, respectively, the LennardJones potential and a reasonable analytic approximation to the experimental radial distribution function, the product of the thermal conductivity and the friction constant has been evaluated, for liquid argon at 89°K. With a preliminary estimate of the friction constant, the value of the coefficient of thermal conductivity is then given.
Item Type:  Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))  

Subject Keywords:  (Chemistry and Physics)  
Degree Grantor:  California Institute of Technology  
Division:  Chemistry and Chemical Engineering  
Major Option:  Chemistry  
Minor Option:  Physics  
Thesis Availability:  Public (worldwide access)  
Research Advisor(s): 
 
Thesis Committee: 
 
Defense Date:  1 January 1952  
Additional Information:  Thesis title varies slightly in 1952 Commencement Program: "I. The Radial Distribution Function and the Thermodynamic Properties of Monatomic Liquids. II. A Statistical Mechanical Theory of the Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity of Monatomic Liquids."  
Funders: 
 
Record Number:  CaltechTHESIS:10032017141351791  
Persistent URL:  https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10032017141351791  
DOI:  10.7907/22ER1E05  
Default Usage Policy:  No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.  
ID Code:  10480  
Collection:  CaltechTHESIS  
Deposited By:  Benjamin Perez  
Deposited On:  16 Oct 2017 20:48  
Last Modified:  16 Jul 2024 18:03 
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