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Mathematical Modeling of Electronic Systems: From Oscillators to Multipliers


Hong, Brian Daffern (2017) Mathematical Modeling of Electronic Systems: From Oscillators to Multipliers. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. doi:10.7907/Z9RB72NG.


The ubiquity of electronics in modern technology is undeniable. Although it is not feasible to design or analyze circuits in an exhaustively detailed fashion, it is still imperative that circuit design engineers understand the pertinent physical tradeoffs and are able to think at the appropriate level of mathematical abstraction. This thesis presents several mathematical modeling techniques of common electronic systems.

First, we derive, ab initio, a general analytical model for the behavior of electrical oscillators under injection without making any assumptions about the type of oscillator or the size or shape of the injection. This model provides novel insights into the phenomena of injection locking and pulling while subsuming existing theories found in the literature. Next, we focus on the familiar scenario of an inductor-capacitor (LC) oscillator locked to a sinusoidal signal. An exact analysis of this circuit is carried out for an arbitrary injection strength and frequency, a task which has not been executed to fruition in the existing literature. This analysis intuitively illuminates the fundamental physics underlying the synchronization of electrical harmonic oscillators, and it generalizes the notion of the lock range for such oscillators into separate necessary and sufficient conditions. We then turn to the classical estimate of the bandwidth of a linear time-invariant (LTI) system via the sum of its zero-value time constants (ZVTs), and we show that this sum can actually be used to tightly bound the bandwidth—both from above and from below—in addition to simply estimating it. Finally, we look at a natural generalization of the Gilbert cell topology: an analog multiplier for an arbitrary number of inputs; we then analyze its large- and small-signal characteristics as well as its frequency response.

Throughout, we will demonstrate how infusing physical intuition with mathematical rigor whilst seeking a balance between detailed analysis and abstract modularity results in models that are conceptually insightful, sufficiently accurate, and computationally feasible.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Subject Keywords:analog circuit; bandwidth; electronics; injection locking; injection pulling; mathematical modeling; multiplier; oscillator; synchronization
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Electrical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Hajimiri, Ali
Thesis Committee:
  • Hajimiri, Ali (chair)
  • Emami, Azita
  • Hassibi, Babak
Defense Date:28 April 2017
Record Number:CaltechThesis:06052017-131214880
Persistent URL:
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription adapted for Chapter 4. to the paper adapted for Chapter 4. adapted for Chapter 5.
Hong, Brian Daffern0000-0001-8099-0312
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:10284
Deposited By: Brian Hong
Deposited On:06 Jun 2017 16:42
Last Modified:04 Oct 2019 00:16

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