Zah, Chung-en (1986) Millimeter-wave monolithic Schottky diode imaging arrays. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-03112008-080410
Inexpensive and compact imaging systems with high sensitivity are needed for millimeter waves. In this study, the calculated efficiencies of elementary integrated-circuit feed antennas show that the antennas with substrate lenses are potentially better feeds than those without substrate lenses. Planar Schottky diodes are integrated with bow-tie antennas to form a one dimensional array. The energy is focused onto the antenna through a silicon lens placed on the back of the gallium-arsenide substrate. Putting a polystyrene cap on the silicon lens has been demonstrated to be an effective way to reduce the reflection loss. A self-aligning process together with proton isolation has been developed to make the planar Schottky diodes with a 1.1-THz zero-bias cutoff frequency. The antenna coupling efficiency and imaging properties of the system are studied by video detection measurements at 94 GHz. As a heterodyne receiver, a double-sideband mixer conversion loss of 11.2 dB and noise temperature of 3770°K have been achieved at a local oscillator frequency of 91 GHz.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Electrical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||30 July 1985|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||14 Mar 2008|
|Last Modified:||02 Jan 2013 19:56|
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