Sobota, Thomas Henry (1987) An experimental and numerical investigation of swirling flows in a rectangular nozzle. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-03052008-091015
The high thrust to weight ratios now possible for military aircraft have made thrust vector pitch control more attractive and versatile than aerodynamic surface pitch control. Use of a rectangular nozzle is a natural consequence because articulation and sealing problems are less formidable than for conventional circular nozzles. The rectangular nozzle offers the additional possibility that the exhaust may mix rapidly with the ambient air and thereby reduce the radiative signature of the exhaust. Some previous investigations have suggested that a series of axial vortices may form in the nozzle, as a result of residual swirl from the gas turbine exhaust, and further enhance the mixing rate.
A detailed experimental investigation is described in this thesis which demonstrates that the formation of axial vortices in the nozzle is dependant on the vorticity distribution at the turbine exhaust. Further, three mechanisms which provide for the formation of axial vortices are identified.
A parallel computational investigation was carried out which not only confirmed the relationship between the turbine exhaust vorticity and the vortex patterns formed in the nozzle but also provided details of the flow field between the turbine discharge and the nozzle exit. On the basis of this more detailed understanding, it is now possible to "tailor" the vortex distribution at the nozzle exit by design of the turbine discharge and the intervening passage.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Mechanical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Restricted to Caltech community only|
|Defense Date:||10 April 1987|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||14 Mar 2008|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:33|
- Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.
Repository Staff Only: item control page