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Structure and properties of an amorphous ferromagnetic alloy

Citation

Lin, Stephen Chung-Hsiung (1968) Structure and properties of an amorphous ferromagnetic alloy. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:07242014-133125205

Abstract

The structure and the electrical and magnetic properties of an amorphous alloy containing approximately 80 at .% iron, 13 at.% phos phorus and 7 at.% carbon (Fe_(80)Fe_(13)C_7) obtained by rapid quenching from the liquid state have been studied. Transmission electron diffraction data confirm the amorphous nature of this alloy. An analysis of the radial distribution function obtained from X-ray diffraction data indicates that the number of nearest neighbors is approximately seven, at a distance of 2.6A. The structure of the alloy can be related to that of silicate glasses and is based on a random arrangement of trigonal prisms of Fe_2P and Fe_3C types in which the iron atoms have an average ligancy of seven. Electrical resistance measurements show that the alloys are metallic. A minimum in the electrical resistivity vs. temperature curve is observed between 10° K to 50° K depending on the specimen, and the temperature at which the minimum occurs is related to the degree of local ordering. The Fe-P-C amorphous alloys are ferromagnetic. The Curie temperature measured by the induction method and by Mossbauer spectroscopy is 315° C. The field dependence of the magneto-resistance at temperatures from liquid helium to room temperature is similar to that found in crystalline iron. The ordinary Hall coefficient is approximately 10^(-11) volt-cm/amp-G. The spontaneous Hall coefficient is about 0.6 x 10^(-9) volt-cm/amp-G and is practically independent of temperature from liquid helium temperature up to 300° c.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Materials Science
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Materials Science
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Duwez, Pol E. (advisor)
  • Pings, Cornelius J. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:20 May 1968
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:07242014-133125205
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:07242014-133125205
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:8600
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Ignis Nguyen
Deposited On:24 Jul 2014 21:55
Last Modified:24 Jul 2014 21:55

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