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Measurement of the dynamic bulk compliance of polymers

Citation

Deng, Tony H. (1997) Measurement of the dynamic bulk compliance of polymers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01082008-112920

Abstract

Measurements are described and analyzed for the determination of the dynamic bulk compliance for polyvinyl acetate) [PVAc] as a function of frequency and temperature. The real and imaginary parts of the dynamic bulk compliance over the frequency range from 10 Hz to 1,000 Hz have been measured at different temperatures by determining the compressibility of a specimen confined to an oil-filled cavity via pressurization by a piezoelectric driver and response of a piezoelectric sensor. The wavelength of the compressional wave generated by the piezoelectric transducer over the frequency range used is much larger than the size of the cavity so that the pressure can be considered uniform inside the cavity. The complex compliances of the specimen, confining liquid, and the cavity, are additive upon the pressure variations due to the piezoelectric transducer expansion and contraction. All deformations are considered to be purely dilitational.

A master compliance curve over a total frequency range of about 12 decades is generated by the method of time-temperature superposition. Experimental problems addressing limitations in resolution capability are discussed. The results are compared with the classical measurements obtained by McKinney and Belcher over thirty years ago. Further comparison of the bulk with shear compliance data shows that the extent of the transition ranges for the shear and for the bulk functions are comparable, but the two transitions belong to different time scales: That of the bulk response falls mostly into the glassy domain of the shear behavior. One concludes thus that for linearly viscoelastic response the molecular mechanisms contributing to shear and bulk deformations have different conformational sources.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Knauss, Wolfgang Gustav
Thesis Committee:
  • Knauss, Wolfgang Gustav (chair)
  • Rosakis, Ares J.
  • Sturtevant, Bradford
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
  • Knowles, James K.
  • Caughey, Thomas Kirk
Defense Date:3 January 1997
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01082008-112920
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01082008-112920
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:10 Jan 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:27

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