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Essays in neurofinance

Citation

Frydman, Cary D. (2012) Essays in neurofinance. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05252012-101611424

Abstract

Economists have learned a great deal about investor behavior over the last two decades with the availability of large discount brokerage data sets. While this has given economists a better understanding of the trading patterns that characterize individual investor behavior, less success has been achieved in understanding what drives these trading patterns. Part of the difficulty in this endeavor is that it is sometimes difficult to test alternative theories of investor behavior using only data from the field. In particular, the two trading patterns we investigate in this thesis, the disposition effect and the repurchase effect, are unlikely driven by standard rational models of trading, and alternative theories of their causes are difficult to test using only data from the field, or data from behavioral laboratory experiments.

In order to better understand the causes of the disposition effect and the repurchase effect, we use neural data, data collected from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) along with trading data to construct empirical tests of different theories. Chapter 1 uses fMRI data to test a model of realization utility, which can readily predict a disposition effect. In our experiment, we find that subjects exhibit strong disposition effects, although they are suboptimal, and the neural data strongly supports the realization utility hypothesis. While Chapter 1 is concerned with the selling behavior, we focus on systematic violations of buying behavior in Chapter 2. We propose a model of regret to explain the repurchase effect in the buy-side trading data, for which we find strong support in the neural data. Chapters 3 and 4 study whether the suboptimal trading behavior we find in the first two chapters is stable, and we explore what the source of the heterogeneity is. Specifically, in Chapter 3 we find that exogenously manipulating the display of information on the trading screen can significantly reduce the size of the disposition effect. Chapter 4 uses an approach from behavioral genetics to identify candidate genes that can help explain the cross-sectional variation in choice behavior.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Neurofinance, Investor Behavior, Behavioral Finance
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Humanities and Social Sciences
Major Option:Social Science
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Rangel, Antonio
Thesis Committee:
  • Rangel, Antonio (chair)
  • Bossaerts, Peter L.
  • Camerer, Colin F.
  • Barberis, Nicholas
  • Ortoleva, Pietro Salvatore Tommaso
Defense Date:23 May 2012
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05252012-101611424
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05252012-101611424
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:7076
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Cary Frydman
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 15:35
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 04:43

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