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Magnetostratigraphic investigations of the lower paleozoic system boundaries, and associated paleogeographic implications

Citation

Ripperdan, Robert Lowell (1990) Magnetostratigraphic investigations of the lower paleozoic system boundaries, and associated paleogeographic implications. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:03082012-091130735

Abstract

Continued refinement of a global Geologic Timescale solely through increased precision of biostratigraphic correlations philosophically suffers from the inherent lack of a universal reference frame. Geomagnetic polarity reversals, which occur relatively rapidly and simultaneously on a global scale, can provide the necessary universal reference frame, provided the polarity reversals are correlated within a well-defined biostratigraphic framework and occur with a fairly distinctive pattern.

Magnetostratigraphic correlations across the Cambrian-Ordovician boundary interval indicate that normal polarity zones correlative to Late Cambrian conodont zones occur within sections from Texas, northern China, western Newfoundland, central Australia, and possibly Kazakhstan. These correlations strongly suggest that temporal differences may exist between sections in the absolute time value of key biostratigraphic horizons. There may also be very brief normal polarity zones correlative with Early Ordovician conodont and graptolite zonations, but those relationships have not yet been well-established.

Magnetostratigraphic correlations allow polarity to be unambiguously determined for the relevant continental unit, even in the absence of previous paleomagnetic investigation. Extension of this to Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician paleogeographic problems indicate that North China, and probably also South China, underwent approximately 90° counterclockwise rotation during the Cambrian, and were most likely attached to or very near the present northern margin of Australia during that time.

Paleomagnetic results from Upper Silurian through Middle Devonian carbonates of the Barrandian area, Czechoslovakia have at least three components of magnetization preserved within them. Two of the components appear to pass the fold test, indicating that they pre-date the deformation creating the basin, constrained to be not later than Late Carboniferous. Differences between the two components probably correspond to different times of acquisition, and may record rapid plate motion of the Bohemian Massif during the Middle Paleozoic.

Paleomagnetic results from Upper Ordovician to Lower Silurian carbonates from Anticosti Island, Quebec are not reliable because of the extremely weak magnetization of these rocks. Sharp increases in intensity during thermal demagnetization experiments may provide insight into the chemical changes which occur within carbonate rocks during thermal demagnetization, but at the present time those phenomenon are not well understood.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Geology
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Geological and Planetary Sciences
Major Option:Geology
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Kirschvink, Joseph L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:20 March 1990
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:03082012-091130735
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:03082012-091130735
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6848
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Benjamin Perez
Deposited On:12 Mar 2012 16:10
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 04:40

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