Funkhouser, William Keith Jr. (1992) Demyelinating autoimmunity: murine T cell epitopes of MBP and primate T cell receptor Vβ variation. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:08302011-103945566
Autoimmune diseases result from inappropriate self-reactivity by lymphocytes. The long-term goal is to generate specific therapies for autoimmune diseases of humans, the success of which hinges on the definition of specific therapeutic targets. Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a good animal model for the human demyelinating autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis (MS). Risk for these diseases stratifies by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) allele, as well as by T cell receptor (TCR) locus RFLP, in the case of MS. These data suggest that (TCR-self peptide-MHC) complexes are associated, possibly causally, with pathogenesis. This work focused on the self peptide and TCR components of this complex. One specific aim was to document and characterize the T cell epitopes of the autoantigen, myelin basic protein (MBP), in the EAE-susceptible mouse strain, B10.PL. Inbred B10.PL mice which were immunized with self MBP in complete Freund's adjuvant activated lymphocytes specific for epitopes estimated by peptides MBP(NAc1-20), MBP(31-50), and MBP(121-140). These mice generated the bulk of their immune response to the MBP(NAc1-20) epitope. The responses to self MBP immunization of B10.PL wildtype and MBP null "shiverer" mice were compared, and it was found that MBP(12I-140) is tolerogenic in animals which express MBP. A similar result was observed in BALB/c wildtype and shiverer mice. These data demonstrate that MBP is not a sequestered antigen, that multiple epitopes tolerize T cells independently, and that incomplete, rather than absent, tolerance is present in mice susceptible to EAE. A second specific aim was to document the degree of variation in the primate TCR Vβ 8 subfamily, three members of which are adjacent to a BamHI RFLP restriction site linked to multiple sclerosis (MS) disease risk. Vβ 8.1 and 8.2 were compared in a number of primates. It was found that the overall coding sequences, but not the CDR coding sequences, were conserved compared with adjacent non-coding flanking sequences. CDR coding sequences were not demonstrably positively selected compared with noncoding flanking sequences or with synonymous coding sequences. A comparison of unrelated normal humans failed to demonstrate any non-synonymous Substitutions within Vβ 8.1 and 8.2, and demonstrated a single non-synonymous Substitution in Vβ 8.3. These data demonstrate that germline Vβ 8 gene segments are conserved and minimally polymorphic, implying that final TCR protein diversity derives from other mechanisms. Occasional allelism has been demonstrated in other Vβ subfamilies, and our data does not rule out that certain TCR Vβ alleles may ultimately be found to contribute to autoimmunity disease risk.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Thesis Availability:||Restricted to Caltech community only|
|Defense Date:||18 May 1992|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||John Wade|
|Deposited On:||30 Aug 2011 18:37|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 04:38|
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