Trenholme, John B. (1970) Superconducting proximity effect currents in Indium above its transition. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:07272011-091553750
The superconducting proximity effect, in which superconductivity diffuses from a superconductor into an adjacent nonsuperconductor, was investigated using the SNS sandwich method in order to test the predictions of the de Gennes-Werthamer theory of temperature dependence of the Ginzburg-Landau equation. Sandwiches were made in which Pb injected superconductivity into a central layer of In, so that the maximum lossless current through the In could be found as a function of temperature down to the In transition temperature (3.4K). Techniques were used to insure uniform current flow, and to avoid annealing. The log of the critical current density of the sandwiches decreased linearly with temperature above the In transition; the current became much larger below the transition. The de Gennes-Werthamer theory was extended by the addition of the nonlinear term in the Ginzburg-Landau equation; exact solutions of the one-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau equation in the presence of current (but with A_ = 0) were used to find the theoretical temperature variation of the critical current density. The experimental and theoretical curves showed the same linear behavior (although there were slope and value variations), thus verifying the de Gennes-Werthamer theory near the transition temperature of a material.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Subject Keywords:||superconducting ; Indium|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Electrical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||18 July 1969|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Kathy Johnson|
|Deposited On:||27 Jul 2011 17:12|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 04:37|
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