Goldstein, Richard M (1962) Radar exploration of Venus. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:07212010-095208070
The feasibility of studying Venus by radar was demonstrated on the tenth of March, 1961, when an echo from Venus was first detected in real time. The spectrum of the echo may be expected to be broadened by the doppler shifts produced by any rotation Venus might have. In order to measure this broadening, a novel technique for accurate spectral estimation of this extremely weak signal was devised, analyzed and implemented. The results of the measurements indicate that Venus rotates only once for each of its years, so that one hemisphere always faces the sun. In addition, the spectral measurements together with some polarization measurements enable one to infer some scattering properties of the surface. Time of flight measurements were also made, using a cross-correlation technique. These, compared with standard astronomical tables, provide a new value for the Astronomical Unit. The standard deviation of these measurements is only a few parts in 10^7.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Subject Keywords:||Electrical Engineering|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Electrical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||1 January 1962|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Julie Guan|
|Deposited On:||21 Jul 2010 18:05|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 04:29|
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