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Variational methods for control and design of bipedal robot models

Citation

Pekarek, David N. (2010) Variational methods for control and design of bipedal robot models. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05282010-094801935

Abstract

This thesis investigates nonsmooth mechanics using variational methods for the modeling, control, and design of bipedal robots. The theory of Lagrangian mechanics is extended to capture a variety of nonsmooth collision behaviors in rigid body systems. Notably, a variational impact model is presented for the transition of constraints behavior that describes a biped switching stance feet at the conclusion of a step. Next, discretizations of the impact mechanics are developed using the framework of variational discrete mechanics. The resulting variational collision integrators are consistent with the continuous time theory and have an underlying symplectic structure. In addition to their role as integrators, the discrete equations of motion capturing nonsmooth dynamics enable a direct method for trajectory optimization. Upon specifically defining the optimal control problem for nonsmooth systems, examples demonstrate this optimization method in the task of determining periodic gaits for two rigid body biped models. An additional effort is made to optimize bipedal walking motions through modifications in system design. A method for determining optimal designs using a combination of trajectory optimization methods and surrogate function optimization methods is defined. This method is demonstrated in the task of determining knee joint placement in a given biped model.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Nonsmooth, Variational Mechanics, Bipedal Robots, Optimization
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Marsden, Jerrold E.
Thesis Committee:
  • Marsden, Jerrold E. (chair)
  • Burdick, Joel Wakeman
  • Murray, Richard M.
  • Desbrun, Mathieu
Defense Date:27 May 2010
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
DOD NDSEG Graduate Fellowship ProgramUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05282010-094801935
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05282010-094801935
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5878
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: David Pekarek
Deposited On:04 Jun 2010 22:37
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:26

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