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Transfer at C. elegans synapses

Citation

Narayan, Anusha (2010) Transfer at C. elegans synapses. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05262010-171937384

Abstract

The nematode C.elegans, with its 302 neurons and abundance of genetic, laser ablation, electrophysiological and imaging tools, is a compact and attractive system for neural circuit analysis. An understanding of the functional dynamics of neural computation requires physiological analyses. We undertook the first characterization of transfer at central synapses in C.elegans. To achieve this we employed optical stimulation techniques using channelrhodopsin-2, and combined this with whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiological recording techniques. We show that the synapse between AFD and AIY, the first stage in the thermotactic circuit, exhibits excitatory, tonic and graded release. The gain at the synapse was low (<0.1), and release was frequency independent, showing no signs of facilitation or depression. The AFD-AIY synapse thus seems designed for robust and reliable transmission of a scaled-down temperature signal from AFD to AIY, enabling AIY to continuously monitor temperature information and integrate it with other incoming sensory information. We also investigated the synapse between ASER, a chemosensory neuron, and AIY, and found that the synaptic response was small and inconsistent. The combination of optical stimulation tools with neural recording techniques is a powerful way to analyze neural circuitry, and will be a significant aid in achieving the goal of understanding how information is processed in the compact yet densely interconnected nervous system of the worm.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:neuroscience, C. elegans, electrophysiology, synaptic physiology, channelrhodopsin
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Computation and Neural Systems
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Sternberg, Paul W. (co-advisor)
  • Laurent, Gilles J. (co-advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Siapas, Athanassios G. (chair)
  • Bruck, Jehoshua
  • Schuman, Erin Margaret
Defense Date:17 March 2010
Author Email:anusha (AT) caltech.edu
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:05262010-171937384
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:05262010-171937384
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5848
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Anusha Narayan
Deposited On:03 Jun 2010 16:12
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:26

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