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Large scale molecular simulations with application to polymers and nano-scale materials

Citation

Gao, Guanghua (1998) Large scale molecular simulations with application to polymers and nano-scale materials. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10202009-133456579

Abstract

There remain practical problems to predicting structures and properties of materials from first principles, though the foundation, quantum mechanics, has been established for many years. The goals of this research are to develop methods and tools that are accurate and practical, and apply them to important problems. Two aspects of the methodology are focused. 1. The development of accurate force fields based on ab initio quantum mechanical calculations on prototype systems. Procedures were developed on polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and successfully applied on other types of polymers. They are very important to studying of amorphous polymers materials, for which current methods have not been useful in predicting important properties (e.g. moduli and glass temperature). 2. The development of Massive Parallel Simulation (MPSim) Software. MPSim is suitable for large systems (millions of atoms). It has the ability of including environmental variables (temperature, pressure, tension, and shear) and extracting physical properties (moduli and glass temperatures). The theories and algorithms implemented are summarized in the Appendix. These methods and tools are applied to the accurate simulation of structures and properties of amorphous polymer materials and nano-materials. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation on polyethylene (chapter 6) was used to develop a general strategy for predicting glass transition temperatures which is expected to be very important in polymer industry. In chapter 7, these strategies were successfully applied to three important fluoro polymers. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT), recently discovered but not very well characterized, is an interesting new class of materials. Using an accurate force field, structures and mechanical properties of these systems are studied. Chapter 2 shows that the dominating factor for deciding stable structures and mechanical properties is the tube size, not chirality. The behavior of (10, 10) nano-tube under bending are studied (chapter 3) based on energy of hypothetical toroids with different radii. Yielding curvature of 1/R_s (R_s = 183.3 (Å)) where elastic bending becomes plastic response is found. In chapter 4, closest packing of K_5C_(80) with the distribution of K atoms along tube surface similar to the stacking of stage one K_1C_8 is established as the optimum structure of K-doped SWNT crystal.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Physics
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Goddard, William A., III
Thesis Committee:
  • Goddard, William A., III (chair)
Defense Date:1 March 1998
Record Number:CaltechTHESIS:10202009-133456579
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechTHESIS:10202009-133456579
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5314
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:17 Nov 2009 19:05
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:18

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