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mRNA display selection using a combinatorial 10FnIII protein library for detection and modulation of cellular processes

Citation

Olson, Clifford Anders (2008) mRNA display selection using a combinatorial 10FnIII protein library for detection and modulation of cellular processes. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01082008-160438

Abstract

For years, the natural diversity intrinsic to the mammalian immune system has been harnessed for the generation of specific macromolecular recognition tools. With the development of in vitro selection techniques, the ability to create tailor-made, high affinity peptide-based reagents has become more powerful. The directed evolution of peptides and proteins has many applications in proteomics and functional genomics research. Combinatorial peptide libraries based on stable protein scaffolds with diversity contained within defined regions of the domain’s surface enable the evolution of novel molecules. One scaffold utilized for in vitro selection experiments is the 10th fibronectin type III domain of human fibronectin. This domain is similar to the immunoglobulin fold, although it does not contain disulfides and therefore may be more appropriate for intracellular expression. We have created a new combinatorial library based on this domain and have determined that it is able to tolerate diversity within two loops. Our structured fibronectin library was used for selecting novel, high-affinity reagents by mRNA display. We applied this library towards two important systems, the NF-kappaB pathway and the SARS coronavirus. In both experiments, we generated high-affinity binders which were functional both in vitro and in vivo. A modification-specific, phospho-IkappaBalpha-binding fibronectin was selected with an affinity of 18 nM. The phospho-IkappaBalpha binder was over 1000-fold specific for the phosphorylated state and was able to inhibit IkappaBalpha degradation in vivo. High-affinity SARS nucleocapsid-binding fibronectins were also selected which were able to inhibit virus replication by over 1000-fold when expressed in SARS infected cells. Both selections demonstrate the utility of the fibronectin library for generating novel protein affinity reagents.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:combinatorial fibronectin library; in vitro selection; mRNA display
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Biology
Major Option:Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Roberts, Richard W.
Thesis Committee:
  • Bjorkman, Pamela J. (chair)
  • Baltimore, David L.
  • Chan, David C.
  • Roberts, Richard W.
  • Aberolla-Illa, Jose
Defense Date:5 December 2007
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01082008-160438
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01082008-160438
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1110/ps.062498407DOIUNSPECIFIED
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5175
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:16 Jan 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:15

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