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Analyses of atmospheric CHF2Cl, heavy ozone, HDO and CH3D from ATMOS spectra

Citation

Irion, Fredrick W. (1996) Analyses of atmospheric CHF2Cl, heavy ozone, HDO and CH3D from ATMOS spectra. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12192007-115456

Abstract

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Mixing ratio measurements of tropospheric CHF2C1 and stratospheric heavy ozone ([...] and [...]), HDO and CH3D were derived from Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy Experiment (ATMOS) spectra. The ATMOS instrument is a 0.01 cm-1 resolution, solar-absorption Fourier-transform spectrometer with a frequency response of 600-4800 cm-1 in the mid-infrared. It has recorded ground-based spectra over Table Mountain Facility (TMF), Wrightwood CA (34.4°N, 117.7°W, 2.2 km altitude) between 1985 to 1990, and space-based measurements during the four shuttle missions Spacelab 3 (April/May 1985), ATLAS-1 (March, 1992), ATLAS-2 (April, 1993) and ATLAS-3 (November, 1994).

The measured column burden of CHF2C1 over TMF showed an exponential increase rate of (6.7±0.5)% yr-1 from October, 1985 to July, 1990. The current uncertainty in historical CHF2C1 emissions was found to be too large for CHF2C1 measurements to be used to infer adequately either its lifetime or the OH field.

Enrichments of heavy ozone (with respect to [...]) were measured from both space and ground-based observations. Average enrichments between 26 to 2.6 mb inclusive to 41 km) were (15±6)% for [...], (10±7)% for [...], and (13±5)% for [...] ([...] standard deviation). Enrichments increased slightly with altitude, but with no discernable latitudinal variability. From TMF, an average total column [...] enrichment of (17±4)% ([…] standard deviation) was determined, with no discernable seasonal variation. Possible biases in the spectral intensities that affect the determination of absolute enrichments are discussed, but any corrections to these intensities would not affect the observed lack of latitudinal and seasonal variability.

From space-based measurements, stratospheric mixing ratios of [...] from 100 mb to 17mb ([...] to 28 km) and HDO from 100 mb to 10 mb ([...] to 32 km) were inferred. The average lifetime of [...]was found to be (1.19±0.02) times that of [...], with an average of (1.0±0.1) molecules of stratospheric HDO produced for each [...] destroyed ([...] combined precision and systematic error), indicating that the rate of stratospheric HDO production is approximately equal to the rate of [...] destruction.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Yung, Yuk L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:3 January 1996
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12192007-115456
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12192007-115456
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5070
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:18 Jan 2008
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:14

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