Dailey, Charles Lee (1954) Supersonic diffuser instability. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12102003-101604
Steady operation of supersonic diffusers near critical mass flow is interrupted by a transient process known as buzz. This phenomenon consists of a random sequence of individual relaxation cycles. Mass flow entering the diffuser during steady operation is suddenly cut off by a strong interaction between the subcritical shock and boundary layer on the surface of the external compression generator, which blocks the inlet. Air in the plenum chamber, stored at high pressure, then ?blows down? until the inlet can restart. The subsequent supercritical flow entering the diffuser exceeds the flow rate at the exit and the plenum chamber is re-charged to the original condition.
A distinction is drawn between this phenomenon and a high frequency wave-type resonance noticed at low mass flows and during an individual buzz cycle after the diffuser shock system has been expelled. For the large diffuser tested here, this high frequency oscillation compares well to the 8th closed-end organ pipe mode of the diffuser at low mass flows and to the 9th mode during the shock-expelled phase of the buzz cycle.
It is shown that burning almost always ceases in the presence of buzz. When burning was maintained during buzz, it was found to have no qualitative effect on the buzz cycle.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||1 January 1954|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||12 Dec 2003|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 03:12|
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