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Development of a high intensity, low emissions burner

Citation

Ikemi, Douglas Kerry (1980) Development of a high intensity, low emissions burner. Engineer's thesis, California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12072006-084231

Abstract

In the past decade increasing environmental awareness has brought attention to the emissions levels of gas turbine combustors, especially in the case of potential automotive applications. In order to meet present and projected pollution requirements, researchers have been investigating the performance of premixed, lean primary zone fuel-air ratio combustors to replace the present diffusion flame, stoichiometric burners. However, the premixed lean combustor has a very narrow acceptable operating range as a function of fuel-air ratio. The burner development described here was undertaken to demonstrate that the emission index (g pollutant/kg fuel) levels of CO and NOx can be lowered by an order of magnitude from previously attained levels, while maintaining very low unburned hydrocarbons levels. Flameholder geometry was found to have a very strong effect on the emissions levels through its influence on the lean flammability limit, and hence was carefully studied. It was also noted that the lean operational limit imposed by the rise in CO levels there is primarily a residence time phenomenon.

Item Type:Thesis (Engineer's thesis)
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Clauser, Francis H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:7 January 1980
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12072006-084231
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12072006-084231
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4839
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:22 Dec 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:12

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