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Solvent-resistant elastomeric microfluidic devices and applications

Citation

van Dam, R. Michael (2006) Solvent-resistant elastomeric microfluidic devices and applications. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12052005-234258

Abstract

Microfluidics is increasingly being used in many areas of biotechnology and chemistry to achieve reduced reagent volumes, improved performance, integration, and parallelism, among other advantages. Though early devices were based on rigid materials such as glass and silicon, elastomeric materials such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) are rapidly emerging as a ubiquitous platform for applications in biotechnology. This is due, in part, to simpler fabrication procedures and to the ability to integrate mechanical microvalves at vastly greater densities. For many applications in the areas of chemical synthesis and analysis, however, PDMS cannot replace glass and silicon due to its incompatibility with many solvents and reagents. Such areas could benefit tremendously from the development of an elastomeric microfluidic device technology that combines the advantages of PDMS with the property of solvent resistance. Simplified fabrication could increase the accessibility of microfluidics, and the possibility of dense valve integration could lead to significant advances in device sophistication. Applications could be more rapidly developed by design re-use due to the independence of mechanical valves on fluid properties (unlike electrokinetic pumping), and the property of permeability could enable novel fluidic functions for accessing a broader range of reactions than is possible in glass and silicon. The first half of this thesis describes our strategies and efforts to develop this new enabling technology. Several approaches are presented in Chapter 3, and two particularly successful ones, based on new elastomers (FNB and PFPE), are described in Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 6 describes a novel method of fabricating devices from 3D molds that could expand the range of useful elastomers. The second half of this thesis discusses microfluidic combinatorial synthesis and high throughput screening—applications that take particular advantage of the ability to integrate thousands of individual valves and reaction chambers. Chapter 7 introduces several scalable device architectures and presents results of preliminary steps toward the synthesis of combinatorial DNA and peptide arrays. A novel method of performing universal gene expression analysis with combinatorial DNA arrays is described in Chapter 8 and an algorithm for predicting relationships among genes from gene expression array data is presented in Chapter 9.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:combinatorial chemistry; fluoroelastomers; microarray analysis; microfluidics; solvent-resistant
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Applied Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Quake, Stephen R.
Thesis Committee:
  • Bockrath, Marc William (chair)
  • Phillips, Robert B.
  • Grubbs, Robert H.
  • Quake, Stephen R.
Defense Date:30 August 2005
Author Email:mvandam (AT) mednet.ucla.edu
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12052005-234258
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12052005-234258
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4796
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:09 Dec 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:11

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