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Dynamic decohesion of bimaterial interfaces

Citation

Lambros, John (1994) Dynamic decohesion of bimaterial interfaces. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12042007-075432

Abstract

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In the present work, findings of an experimental study of dynamic decohesion of bimaterial systems composed of constituents with a large material property mismatch are presented. PMMA/steel or PMMA/aluminum bimaterial fracture specimens are used. Dynamic one point bend loading is accomplished with a drop weight tower device (for low and intermediate loading rates) or a high speed gas gun (for high loading rates). High speed interferometric measurements are made using the lateral shearing interferometer of Coherent Gradient Sensing in conjunction with high speed photography. Very high crack propagation speeds (terminal crack tip speeds up to [...], where [...] is the shear wave speed of PMMA) and high accelerations ([...], where g is the acceleration of gravity) are observed and reported. Issues regarding data analysis of the high speed interferograms are discussed. The effects of near tip three dimensionality are also analyzed. In crack propagation regions governed by large crack tip accelerations it is found that for accurate analysis of the optical data use of a transient elastodynamic crack tip field is necessary. Otherwise use of a Kd-dominant analysis is sufficient. Using the dynamic complex stress factor histories obtained by fitting the experimental data, a dynamic crack growth criterion is proposed. In the subsonic regime of crack growth it is seen that the opening and shearing displacements behind the propagating crack tip remain constant, i.e., the crack retains a self-similar profile during crack growth at any speed. This forms the basis of the proposed dynamic interfacial fracture criterion. It is also found that the process of dynamic interfacial fracture is highly unstable. This is corroborated by both the very large measured values of crack tip speed and acceleration and by the observation that the energy release rate at the propagating crack tip decreases with increasing crack tip speed. A mechanism of energy transfer from the metal to the PMMA side of the specimen is believed to be responsible for the high transient and transonic effects. An analysis and discussion of this phenomenon is also presented in this work.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Rosakis, Ares J.
Thesis Committee:
  • Rosakis, Ares J. (chair)
  • Ravichandran, Guruswami
  • Knowles, James K.
  • Knauss, Wolfgang Gustav
Defense Date:7 February 1994
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-12042007-075432
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-12042007-075432
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4779
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:06 Dec 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:11

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