Burkett, Sandra Louise (1995) Mechanisms of structure direction in zeolite synthesis. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-11102005-104907
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The mechanisms by which the geometries of organic structure-directing agents are translated into the product pore architectures in the synthesis of pure-silica and aluminosilicate zeolites are investigated by numerous spectroscopic techniques and variations in synthesis gel composition. For the tetrapropylammonium- and 1,6-hexanediamine-mediated syntheses of pure-silica ZSM-5 (Si-ZSM-5), [...] CP MAS NMR is performed between the protons of the organic species and the silicon atoms of the zeolite framework precursors in a deuterated synthesis medium to probe the interactions between the organic and inorganic components. The origin of structural specificity in the synthesis of pure-silica zeolites in the presence of structure-directing agents is attributed to the formation of favorable intermolecular van der Waals interactions within inorganic-organic composite species that form the key components in zeolite self-assembly. Investigation of the [...] CP MAS NMR profiles of silicate gels containing tetraalkylammonium cations that do not induce the formation of a crystalline zeolite product suggest the significance of hydrophobic hydration of the organic component in the formation of the inorganic-organic composite structures that is essential to the synthesis of pure-silica zeolites. For the syntheses of the hexagonal (EMT) and cubic (FAU) polymorphs of the aluminosilicate zeolite faujasite in the presence of 18-crown-6 and 15-crown-5, respectively, a combination of NMR and vibrational spectroscopic techniques and variations in the synthesis compositions are used to elucidate the structure-directing roles of the crown ethers. Sodium/crown ether complexes facilitate and direct the assembly of sodium-templated extended aluminosilicate structures via ion-dipole interactions to form the EMT and FAU products. Thus, for the synthesis of Si-ZSM-5 and the synthesis of EMT and FAU, two different mechanisms of structure direction and self-assembly via the formation of extended inorganic or inorganic-organic composite species are proposed.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Chemistry and Chemical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Restricted to Caltech community only|
|Defense Date:||14 November 1994|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||10 Nov 2005|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 03:09|
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