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Mathematical studies of photochemical air pollution

Citation

Georgopoulos, Panagiotis Gerasimou (1986) Mathematical studies of photochemical air pollution. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-02012007-092322

Abstract

In Part I a new, comprehensive model for a chemically reacting plume, is presented, that accounts for the effects of incomplete turbulent macro- and micro- mixing on chemical reactions between plume and ambient constituents. This "Turbulent Reacting Plume Model" (TRPM) is modular in nature, allowing for the use of different levels of approximation of the phenomena involved. The core of the model consists of the evolution equations for reaction progress variables appropriate for evolving, spatially varying systems ("local phenomenal extent of reaction"). These equations estimate the interaction of mixing and chemical reaction and require input parameters characterizing internal plume behavior, such as relative dispersion and fine scale plume segregation. The model addresses deficiencies in previous reactive plume models. Calculations performed with the TRPM are compared with the experimental data of P.J.H. Builtjes for the reaction between NO in a point source plume and ambient O3, taking place in a wind tunnel simulating a neutral atmospheric boundary layer. The comparison shows the TRPM capable of quantitatively predicting the retardation imposed on the evolution of nonlinear plume chemistry by incomplete mixing. Part IA (Chapters 1 to 3) contains a detailed description of the TRPM structure and comparisons of calculations with measurements, as well as a literature survey of reactive plume models. Part IB (Chapters 4 to 7) contains studies on the turbulent dispersion and reaction phenomena and plume dynamics, thus exposing in detail the underlying concepts and methods relevant to turbulent reactive plume modeling. New formulations for describing in-plume phenomena, such as the "Localized Production of Fluctuations Model" for the calculation of the plume concentration variance are included here.

Part II (Chapter 8) presents a collection of distribution-based statistical methods that are appropriate for characterizing extreme events in air pollution studies. Applications to the evaluation of air quality standards, formulation of rollback calculations, and to the use of plume models are included here.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Thesis Committee:
  • Seinfeld, John H. (chair)
Defense Date:5 March 1986
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-02012007-092322
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-02012007-092322
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:436
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:09 Feb 2007
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:29

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