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Some Measurements in Synthetic Turbulent Boundary Layers

Citation

Savas, Omer (1979) Some Measurements in Synthetic Turbulent Boundary Layers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-11012006-083249

Abstract

Synthetic turbulent boundary layers were constructed on a flat plate by generating systematic moving patterns of turbulent spots in a laminar flow. The experiments were carried out in a wind tunnel at a Reynolds number based on plate length of 1.7 x 106. Spots were generated periodically in space and time near the leading edge to form a regular hexagonal pattern. The disturbance mechanism was a camshaft which displaced small pins momentarily into the laminar flow at frequencies up to 80 Hz. The main instrumentation was a rake of 24 hot wires placed across the flow in a line parallel to the surface. The main measured variable was local intermittency; i.e., the probability of observing turbulent flow at a particular point in space and time. The results are reported in numerous x-t diagrams showing the evolution of various synthetic flows along the plate. The celerity or phase velocity of the large eddies was found to be 0.88, independent of eddy scale. All patterns with sufficiently small scales eventually showed loss of coherence as they moved downstream. A novel phenomenon called eddy transposition was observed in several flows which contained appreciable laminar regions. The large eddies shifted in formation to new positions, intermediate to their original ones, while preserving their hexagonal pattern. The present results, together with some empirical properties of a turbulent spot, were used to estimate the best choice of scales for constructing a synthetic boundary layer suitable for detailed study. The values recommended are: spanwise period/thickness ≈3.2, streamwise period/thickness ≈11.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:Aeronautics ; boundary layers ; turbulence
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Coles, Donald Earl
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:21 May 1979
Non-Caltech Author Email:savas (AT) berkeley.edu
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFENG 75- 036 94
NSFENG 77-23541
NATO Fellowship (Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-11012006-083249
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-11012006-083249
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4359
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:17 Nov 2006
Last Modified:23 Jan 2017 17:01

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