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Low-energy, high-resolution, variable angle, electron impact spectroscopy

Citation

Rice, James Kinsey (1969) Low-energy, high-resolution, variable angle, electron impact spectroscopy. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-09272002-155546

Abstract

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A low-energy, variable angle, high-resolution, electron-impact spectrometer has been designed, constructed, and put into operation. Its performance is discussed and is found to compare favorably with that of similar instruments [...].

The differential scattering cross sections (DCS) for the electron-impact excitation of helium and five molecules [(N2, CO, H2, C2H2, and C2H4)] have been measured as a function of incident electron kinetic energy (from about 20 to 60 eV) and scattering angle (from about -30[degrees] to +80[degrees]) with a resolution of 0.04 to 0.15 eV. These studies included the observation of twenty-nine electronically excited states, including 12 singlet [...] triplet transitions.

Comparisons of these results with presently available theoretical predictions have indicated the inadequacy of the latter. In addition, a theoretical calculation of the exchange excitation of ethylene [...] by electron-impact is carried out via the Ochkur-Rudge, approximation [...] and is compared with experiment.

The vibrational structure within several electronic bands has been resolved, and the relative vibrational intensities have been compared with optical and calculated relative Franck-Condon factors. Discrepancies, due to underlying forbidden transitions, have been noted in [H2], acetylene, and ethylene.

Some general "spectroscopic rules" for the identification of spin-forbidden excitations observed by electron-impact are presented. These rules are derived from an examination of the angular dependencies of the differential cross sections for twenty-six known transitions. On this basis, one state in [N2 (...)] has been unequivocally identified as a triplet, and two previously unknown low-lying triplet states in [C2H2] at 5.2 eV and 6.1 eV have been detected and characterized.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Kuppermann, Aron
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:9 September 1968
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-09272002-155546
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-09272002-155546
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3799
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:30 Sep 2002
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 03:03

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