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Charge spectrum of the heavy primary cosmic rays

Citation

Stern, Edward A. (1955) Charge spectrum of the heavy primary cosmic rays. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01272004-152920

Abstract

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A measurement at [...] and 95,000 feet was made of the heavy primary cosmic-ray charge spectrum [...] by means of a pulse ionization chamber. The characteristics of the chamber and associated electronics are described.

The effect of nuclear stars on the counting rate of the chamber was determined experimentally by sending up simultaneously two chambers, one filled with argon at half the pressure of the other. Slow evaporation particles will stop in the chambers and give the same pulses independent of pressure. Cosmic rays give pulses proportional to the gas pressure. Comparing the two chamber counting rates permits a determination of the star contribution.

Other causes of the background counting rate were discussed and corrected for. It was concluded that Be and B combined are as abundant in the primary beam as the CNO group. The flux of the heavy particles [...] was also determined. It was not possible to obtain any information on the abundance of Li.

A suggested improved version of the equipment is described and possible experiments are discussed.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Neher, Henry Victor
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1955
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01272004-152920
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01272004-152920
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:370
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 Jan 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:29

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