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An experimental study of the effect of mass injection at the stagnation point of a blunt body

Citation

McMahon, Howard Martin (1958) An experimental study of the effect of mass injection at the stagnation point of a blunt body. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01262006-142812

Abstract

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An experimental study of the effect of the injection of nitrogen and helium coolant gases at the stagnation point of a blunt body was carried out in the GALCIT Hypersonic Wind Tunnel at a Mach number of 5.8. The gases were injected straight out of the stagnation point and also tangential to the body surface. The model was also fitted with flow separation spikes.

The injection of the coolant gas resulted in a marked reduction in the model equilibrium temperature, and this cooling effect persisted over the entire length of the model. For the same mass flow, helium was a better coolant than nitrogen.

The average heat transfer near the nose of the body was reduced almost to zero by injecting a mass of helium as small as 1/2 per cent of the mass flow of free-stream air contained in the "capture" area [...] of the spherical nose.

Separation near the spike tip was observed up to a ratio of spike length to spherical nose diameter of 1.78 and a free-stream Reynolds number based on nose diameter of 2.84 x 10(5), resulting in a value of the foredrag coefficient which was one-third the value with no spike attached.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Millikan, Clark Blanchard (advisor)
  • Lees, Lester (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1958
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-01262006-142812
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01262006-142812
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:357
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:26 Jan 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:29

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