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Tip effects on the vortex wake of an axisymmetric body at angle of attack

Citation

Bridges, David Henry (1993) Tip effects on the vortex wake of an axisymmetric body at angle of attack. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-08232007-081713

Abstract

Experiments on the effects of conditions at the tip of an axisymmetric body on the vortex wake of the body at large angle of attack in incompressible flow have been performed. The separation patterns that occur at the nose of a cone with a hemispherical tip have been documented for ranges of Reynolds number based on tip radius and of relative angle of attack. Tips with cross sections that vary smoothly from elliptic to circular have been designed and tested on a cone. The effectiveness of the tips in varying the cone side force coefficient as the tip is rotated has been demonstrated. The relation between tip roll angle and side force coefficient has been shown to be essentially independent of Reynolds number, for the range of Reynolds number tested, as well as cone base conditions and roll direction. The relation between tip roll angle and side force coefficient has been shown to be a strong function of angle of attack. The reasons for nonsmooth variation of side force coefficient with tip roll angle at higher angles of attack have been determined by examinations of the vortex wake geometry. Peaks in the magnitude of the side force coefficient after zero crossings have been shown to be caused by a rapid shift in the wake vortices away from a symmetric configuration as the tip rotates away from a symmetry condition. Reductions in magnitude of the side force coefficient between magnitude peaks have been demonstrated to be a result of the near vortex crossing over the cone centerline. This vortex crossover has been shown to occur near and after the breakaway from the cone of the far vortex. The ability of one of the elliptic cross section tips to produce smooth variations of side force coefficient with roll angle ahead of vortex breakaway has been demonstrated, suggesting that the tip might be an effective yaw control device for aircraft at high angle of attack.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Aeronautics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Hornung, Hans G.
Thesis Committee:
  • Hornung, Hans G. (chair)
  • Roshko, Anatol
  • Peck, Charles W.
  • Coles, Donald Earl
  • Culick, Fred E. C.
Defense Date:4 December 1992
Author Email:david.bridges (AT) tamucc.edu
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-08232007-081713
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-08232007-081713
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:3205
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:23 Aug 2007
Last Modified:24 Oct 2013 20:08

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