Bailey, Andrew Dewey (1993) Drift wave ion fluid velocity field measured by planar laser induced fluorescence. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-08222007-091624
NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. The first plasma planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) diagnostic has been developed and used to study Ar plasma discharges in Caltech's Encore tokamak. The first two-dimensional time resolved measurements of the ion fluid velocity have been made with this diagnostic. PLIF excited in a poloidal cross section by a narrow linewidth laser sheet is imaged onto a 10x10 anode microchannel plate photomultiplier. Both the ion temperature and one component of the fluid velocity of metastable ArII ions are measured by scanning the laser wavelength through the Doppler broadened and shifted PLIF absorption line. The maximum measured wavelength shifts correspond to velocities [...] (1.5 [...] 0.08) x 10[...]cm/s. A periodic spatial structure in the fluid velocity field is observed to oscillate in phase with a coherent, large amplitude, mostly electrostatic drift-Alfven wave with poloidal and toroidal mode numbers m = 2, n = 1. Previous work (McChesney '87) indicates that the anomalously hot ion temperatures measured ([...] 6eV) are due to stochastic ion motion in the drift waves. Using PLIF, oscillations in the temperature ([...] 3eV) out of phase with the drift wave potential have been observed for the first time. To provide an interpretation of the PLIF fluid velocity data, Langmuir probe measurements were made in a nearby poloidal cross section. The calculated ion fluid flow pattern in the drift approximation agreed qualitatively with the measured velocity field, but the calculations predict much larger velocities than are measured. The general agreement, despite the stochastic dynamics, emphasizes the robust nature of the two-fluid description of the plasma. The discrepancies with the PLIF measurements also highlight the need for a better understanding of the relationship between stochastic particle dynamics and macroscopic plasma parameters. An explicit connection is made between the ion distribution and Poincare maps of the single particle dynamics in prescribed mean fields by considering the characteristics of the collisionless Vlasov equation. A self-consistent distribution function is restricted to being constant in stochastic regions of phase space where one particle orbit comes arbitrarily close to any point in the region. The implications of this viewpoint are explored for a simplified model of the drift wave. When the bulk of the ions are stochastic, the center of the distribution function is flattened leading to higher ion 'temperatures' derived from Maxwellian fits, but the envelope of the stochastic region and thus the fluid velocity and temperature continue to oscillate periodically with the wave despite the nonperiodicity of the individual particle orbits.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Subject Keywords:||Applied Physics|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Applied Physics|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||17 February 1993|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||27 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:57|
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