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Theoretical study of the mechanism of olefin metathesis and synthesis of cyclic polymers

Citation

Benitez, Diego (2005) Theoretical study of the mechanism of olefin metathesis and synthesis of cyclic polymers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05302005-112828

Abstract

The research presented in this thesis focuses on the study of the metathesis reaction and applications to synthetic polymeric structures. More specifically, how targeted changes in the polymerization reactants and catalyst provide very unique and useful macromolecular architectures.

Chapter 1 describes the synthesis of acetoxy end-functionalized polynorbornenes. By introducing 1,4-bis(acetoxy)-2-butene as chain transfer agent (CTA) during a Ruthenium mediated ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of norbornene (NBE), the respective end-functionalized polymers with molecular weights controllable up to 30 kDa could be obtained in high yield.

Chapter 2 describes a new synthetic route to cyclic polymers and their characterization. In this approach, the ends of growing polymer chains remain attached to a cyclic Ru catalyst throughout the entire polymerization process. This effectively excludes all types of linear intermediates, which were a major drawback of previous approaches to cyclic polymers.

Chapter 3 describes the synthesis of cyclic poly-butadiene and the importance of the monomer purity. Techniques for characterizing and determining the purity of cyclic polymers are also discussed.

Chapter 4 describes a quantum mechanical (QM) study of the mechanism of chloride isomerization of a ruthenium metathesis catalyst with density functional theory (DFT) with the B3LYP hybrid functional. This isomerization is relevant to the mechanism of metathesis and it serves as validation to further studies of the mechanism with the same method.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:cyclic polymers; density functional theory; olefin metathesis
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Grubbs, Robert H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Goddard, William A., III (chair)
  • Bercaw, John E.
  • Peters, Jonas C.
  • Grubbs, Robert H.
Defense Date:29 April 2005
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05302005-112828
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05302005-112828
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2301
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:01 Jun 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:49

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