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An iterative approach to de novo computational enzyme design and the successful application to the Kemp elimination

Citation

Privett, Heidi Kathleen (2009) An iterative approach to de novo computational enzyme design and the successful application to the Kemp elimination. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05272009-091024

Abstract

The development of reliable methods for the “on demand” de novo design of an enzymatic catalyst for an arbitrary chemical reaction has been an elusive goal of the computational protein design community. Recent successful results of de novo computational enzyme design have been encouraging, but the activity of the enzymes produced so far is still well below that of natural enzymes and the generalizability of these methods has yet to be established.

Presented in this thesis are methods that we have developed for the computational design of enzyme active sites as well as results from the evaluation of these methods through a test case, the Kemp elimination. Initial Kemp elimination designs were shown to be inactive. However, in the course of refining these design procedures, we carried out extensive theoretical and experimental evaluation of several of these inactive designs, which allowed us to identify the causes of the inactivity and led to adjustments of our design procedure. These modified methods were then successfully used to design four distinct enzymes for this reaction in three inert scaffolds including the scaffold that housed the previously inactive designs. In addition, we demonstrate that molecular dynamics simulations can accurately predict the activity of designed Kemp elimination enzymes and can be used as a reliable prescreening step, allowing us to focus our experimental efforts on designs that are most likely to be active.

The work presented here demonstrates that the cyclic evaluation and redesign of both active and inactive enzymes was instrumental in the identification and resolution of deficiencies in our computational methods and directly resulted in de novo designed enzymes with novel and increased activity.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:androgen receptor; computational enzyme design; computational methods; computational protein design; enzyme engineering; enzyme specificity; molecular dynamic simulation; protein design cycle; T. aurantiacus xylanase
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Mayo, Stephen L.
Thesis Committee:
  • Rees, Douglas C. (chair)
  • Dougherty, Dennis A.
  • Shan, Shu-ou
  • Mayo, Stephen L.
Defense Date:13 May 2009
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05272009-091024
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05272009-091024
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2175
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 May 2009
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:47

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