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A compact system for self-motion estimation

Citation

Mitros, Ania Karolina (2006) A compact system for self-motion estimation. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05252006-145119

Abstract

Self-motion estimation is a vital problem for autonomous robots, frequently and appropriately addressed by vision algorithms. Most approaches involve repeating some local calculation over the entire imaging array, such as detection of locally salient features. A simple and local calculation can be efficiently implemented on the same chip as the photo-sensing array, thus parallelizing a huge computational task and vastly reducing the amount of data to transmit off chip. Mismatch between devices has previously been a stumbling block to producing truly useful arrays of local processing elements. Floating gate technology is used here as a compact means of programming away offsets in subcircuits to remedy this problem. A custom analog chip performs the above functions. For each pixel, the chip outputs sensed light intensity, the values of the vertical and horizontal intensity gradients, and a binary value indicating whether a feature is centered on that pixel. These values can be used as inputs to a motion estimation algorithm implemented on a standard computer.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:analog; circuit; CMOS imager; EEPROM; floating gate; mismatch; subthreshold; vision
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Computation and Neural Systems
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Koch, Christof (advisor)
  • Diorio, Christopher J. (advisor)
Thesis Committee:
  • Koch, Christof (chair)
  • Hajimiri, Ali
  • Diorio, Christopher J.
  • Burdick, Joel Wakeman
  • Perona, Pietro
Defense Date:15 February 2006
Author Email:ania (AT) alumni.rice.edu
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05252006-145119
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05252006-145119
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:2056
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:31 May 2006
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:46

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