CaltechTHESIS
  A Caltech Library Service

Design and characterization of artificial extracellular matrix proteins for use as small-diameter vascular grafts

Citation

Heilshorn, Sarah Christine (2004) Design and characterization of artificial extracellular matrix proteins for use as small-diameter vascular grafts. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05242004-103633

Abstract

Synthetic small-diameter vascular grafts often fail within three years of implantation. The underlying causes of graft failure are thought to be i) a mismatch in the mechanical properties between the graft and host material and ii) an inability of the graft to support the adhesion of endothelial cells. To address these two issues, artificial extracellular matrix (aECM) proteins contain elastin-like regions to provide physical integrity and cell-binding domains derived from fibronectin to promote endothelial cell attachment. Using recombinant protein technology, a family of artificial proteins was created with differing ratios of elastin-like regions to cell-binding domains, with variable placement of amino acid crosslinking residues, and with differing identity of cell-binding domain.

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) adhere in a sequence-specific manner to aECM proteins, secrete basal levels of key fibrinolytic regulators, and are capable of resisting a physiologically relevant detachment force. HUVEC spread more quickly and adhere more firmly to aECM proteins that contain the RGD versus the CS5 cell-binding domain. Decreasing the density of RGD cell-binding domains results in decreased HUVEC adhesion. Furthermore, amino acid selection even at sites up to 16 residues away from the cell-binding domain impacts HUVEC spreading and adhesion. HUVEC also adhere more strongly to stiffer aECM films. Therefore, the identity, density, and context of the cell-binding domain as well as the elastic modulus of the substrate are all important variables in influencing cell-substrate interactions.

Proper amino acid sequence choice also influences the susceptibility of aECM proteins to elastase proteolysis; modifying 3% of the amino acid side chains results in a 7-fold reduction in degradation rate. An alternative strategy to decrease degradation involves incorporation of the noncanonical amino acid, 5,5,5-trifluoroisoleucine, into the favored proteolytic cut site, isoleucine. Replacing 82% of the isoleucines results in a twofold reduction in degradation rate without compromising sequence-specific HUVEC adhesion. Incorporation of another noncanonical amino acid, para-azidophenylalanine, allows synthesis of photoreactive proteins that can be patterned using photolithography. These protein patterns retain their ability to adhere HUVEC and produce stable cell patterns after 48 hours in medium supplemented with serum.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:biomaterial; endothelial cells; extracellular matrix; protein engineering; vascular graft
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Tirrell, David A.
Thesis Committee:
  • Tirrell, David A. (chair)
  • Asthagiri, Anand R.
  • Wold, Barbara J.
  • Davis, Mark E.
Defense Date:10 May 2004
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05242004-103633
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05242004-103633
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1991
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:28 May 2004
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:45

Thesis Files

[img] PDF (01_title.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

261Kb
[img] PDF (02_Chap1.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

157Kb
[img] PDF (03_Chap2.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

332Kb
[img] PDF (04_Chap3.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

1362Kb
[img] PDF (05_Chap4.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

2015Kb
[img] PDF (06_Chap5.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

576Kb
[img] PDF (07_Chap6.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

554Kb
[img] PDF (08_Chap7.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

3981Kb
[img] PDF (09_Chap8.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

240Kb
[img] PDF (10_Chap9.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

83Kb
[img] PDF (11_AppA.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

53Kb
[img] PDF (12_AppB.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

244Kb
[img] PDF (13_AppC.pdf) - Final Version
Restricted to Caltech community only
See Usage Policy.

1415Kb

Repository Staff Only: item control page