Wallcave, Lawrence (1953) The stereochemistry of dehydro-[Beta]-carotene. Studies on the interaction of some carotenoids with boron trifluoride and N-bromosuccinimide. Provitamin A activity of a C41-carotenoid. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05092003-171754
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An extensive study of the stereoisomerization of dehydro-[Beta]-carotene is presented. Two of the cis isomers have been isolated in crystalline form and described. The nature of "isocarotene" has been clarified.
Treatment of [Beta]-carotene with boron trifluoride under defined conditions leads chiefly either to its stereoisomerization or chemical conversion. Two of the several conversion products have been crystallized; a third, exhibiting strong fluorescence in ultraviolet light is also described.
Three new carotenoids, termed isocryptoxanthin, isocryptoxanthin methyl ether, and dimethoxy-[Beta]-carotene, formed by the addition of water or methanol to dehydro-[Beta]-carotene in the presence of boron trifluoride are described. The structures of the first two compounds have been determined; the location of the substituent groups in the third is, at present, uncertain.
Dehydro-[Beta]-carotene, bisdehydro-[Beta]-carotene, and anhydroeschscholtzxanthin have been isolated from the end products of the reaction of [Beta]-carotene with N-bromosuccinimide. Bisdehydro-[Beta]-carotene is a new carotenoid whose probable structure is discussed.
The considerable provitamin A potency of 16,16'-homo-[Beta]-carotene is discussed from the standpoint of its novel structural features.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Chemistry and Chemical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||1 January 1953|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||14 May 2003|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:40|
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