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The stereochemistry of dehydro-[Beta]-carotene. Studies on the interaction of some carotenoids with boron trifluoride and N-bromosuccinimide. Provitamin A activity of a C41-carotenoid

Citation

Wallcave, Lawrence (1953) The stereochemistry of dehydro-[Beta]-carotene. Studies on the interaction of some carotenoids with boron trifluoride and N-bromosuccinimide. Provitamin A activity of a C41-carotenoid. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05092003-171754

Abstract

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An extensive study of the stereoisomerization of dehydro-[Beta]-carotene is presented. Two of the cis isomers have been isolated in crystalline form and described. The nature of "isocarotene" has been clarified.

Treatment of [Beta]-carotene with boron trifluoride under defined conditions leads chiefly either to its stereoisomerization or chemical conversion. Two of the several conversion products have been crystallized; a third, exhibiting strong fluorescence in ultraviolet light is also described.

Three new carotenoids, termed isocryptoxanthin, isocryptoxanthin methyl ether, and dimethoxy-[Beta]-carotene, formed by the addition of water or methanol to dehydro-[Beta]-carotene in the presence of boron trifluoride are described. The structures of the first two compounds have been determined; the location of the substituent groups in the third is, at present, uncertain.

Dehydro-[Beta]-carotene, bisdehydro-[Beta]-carotene, and anhydroeschscholtzxanthin have been isolated from the end products of the reaction of [Beta]-carotene with N-bromosuccinimide. Bisdehydro-[Beta]-carotene is a new carotenoid whose probable structure is discussed.

The considerable provitamin A potency of 16,16'-homo-[Beta]-carotene is discussed from the standpoint of its novel structural features.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1953
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-05092003-171754
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05092003-171754
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1700
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:14 May 2003
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:40

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