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Programmed DNA rearrangements during differentiation : immunoglobulin class switching


Davis, Mark M. (1981) Programmed DNA rearrangements during differentiation : immunoglobulin class switching. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology.


NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. The events of B-lymphocyte differentiation can be reconstructed in part through an analysis of the organization of heavy-chain genes isolated from B-cell tumors (myelomas). A mouse immunoglobulin alpha heavy-chain gene is shown to be composed of at least three non-contiguous segments of germline [...] gene segment, [...] gene segment adjacent to the [...] coding region, and a [...] gene segment. These gene segments are joined together by two distinct types of DNA rearrangements: variable region formation and immunoglobulin class switching. Three examples of [...] class switching were examined and in each case a different site adjacent to [...] and a different site adjacent to [...] were joined together in the process of switching. Two of the three [...] sites shared significant homology to each other (15/25 nucleotides) and all three of [...] sites were highly homologous (22/30 nucleotides). We believe these sequences serve as recognition sites for class switching. Furthermore, the lack of homology between the [...] consensus sequence and sequences reported for [...] and [...] recombination sites suggests that this process is mediated by class-specific recognition sequences and, presumably, class-specific regulatory mechanisms. A number of predictions and possible explanations of immune phenomena result from this observation. Apparently nonproductive DNA rearrangements, occurring in the same tumor lines, seem also to utilize some of the same regulatory apparati. In addition, it appears that in one example, MC101, class switching has progressed from [...]. This switching pathway presents difficulties for the simple deletional model of CH switching.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:immunoglobin ;DNA rearrangements ; Biology
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Major Option:Biology
Awards:The Milton and Francis Clauser Doctoral Prize, 1981
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Lewis, Edward B.
Thesis Committee:
  • Lewis, Edward B.
  • Davidson, Eric H.
  • Delbruck, Max
  • Davidson, Norman R.
Defense Date:28 August 1980
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04292005-082735
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1544
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:29 Apr 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:39

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