Eimer, Manfred (1953) Direct measurement of laminar skin friction at hypersonic speeds. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04292003-112020
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A direct measurement of flat plate laminar local skin friction was undertaken at M = 5.8 in the GALCIT Hypersonic Wind Tunnel, Leg No. 1. A new balance particularly suited to the requirements of hypersonic experimentation was designed.
By means of the fluorescent lacquer technique for indicating boundary layer transition, unexpectedly high natural transition Reynolds numbers were observed. The several methods of forcing transition which were used were unsuccessful in producing transition at a Reynolds number of two million.
Observation of the leading edge shock wave and boundary layer by means of a schlieren system indicated that at M = 5.8 the shock wave and boundary layer are separated by appreciable distances wherever the boundary layer equations hold. Skin friction force measurements were made at five Reynolds numbers in condensation-free flow. The discrepancies between the observed low values of C[subscript f][...]Re and existing laminar boundary layer calculations are reconciled by means of a qualitative analysis.
A theory describing the properties of the viscous boundary layer for flows with condensation in the free stream is presented. It is predicted that for a specified nozzle geometry and stagnation temperature, skin friction remains unchanged in the presence of moderate amounts of condensation, while heat transfer for a given wall temperature is affected by the presence of condensation which produces major changes in the adiabatic wall temperature.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Major Option:||Engineering and Applied Science|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||1 January 1953|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||29 Apr 2003|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:39|
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