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Synthesis and structural studies of cyclic Py-Im polyamides

Citation

Chenoweth, David Michael (2009) Synthesis and structural studies of cyclic Py-Im polyamides. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04282009-211225

Abstract

The work presented in this thesis is focused on the molecular recognition of DNA by minor groove binding polyamides. Methods and strategies for the solution-phase synthesis of hairpin and cyclic pyrrole-imidazole polyamides are presented with optimized protocols requiring little to no chromatography. These synthetic strategies have led to the design of cyclic polyamides targeted to the androgen response element and are shown to be biologically active and cell permeable in cell culture experiments in addition their binding affinities rival that of most polyamide architectures. The structural elucidation of an α-amino-turn-linked cyclic polyamide is presented at 1.17 Å resolution providing insight into the detailed molecular recognition process and allosteric modulation responsible for the inhibition of transcription factor-DNA binding. Additionally, structural elucidation of a β-amino-turn-linked cyclic polyamide, highlighting the conformational differences compared to the α-amino-turn linked structure is presented. A structural basis for the inability of polyamides to bind dsRNA is also proposed based on biophysical, structural, and modeling data. In addition to these studies a new class of programmable oligomers targeting the DNA sequence 5’-WGGGGW-3’ were shown to inhibit DNA binding of the Nf-kB transcription factor by EMSA gel shift. Compounds synthesized in this study were found to possess unique fluorescent properties with the ability to modulate their fluorescence by binding their targeted dsDNA, leading to sequence specific fluorescent detection reagents. Efforts toward the templated-assembly of polyamides using higher-order DNA structure (NCP) are also reported and the development of a new pro-fluorescent class of heterocycle, which has the potential to be used as a chemical reporter of ligation events is described.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:DNA recognition; DNA-Drug interactions; Gene regulation; Minor groove binders; Py-Im polyamides
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Awards:The Herbert Newby McCoy Award, 2009
Thesis Availability:Restricted to Caltech community only
Research Advisor(s):
  • Dervan, Peter B.
Thesis Committee:
  • Hsieh-Wilson, Linda C. (chair)
  • Stoltz, Brian M.
  • Rees, Douglas C.
  • Dervan, Peter B.
Defense Date:15 January 2009
Author Email:dchen (AT) caltech.edu
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04282009-211225
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04282009-211225
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1536
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:13 May 2009
Last Modified:23 Dec 2013 22:55

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