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Magnetic lens spectrometer investigation of gamma-radiation from light nuclei


Mackin, Robert James (1953) Magnetic lens spectrometer investigation of gamma-radiation from light nuclei. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology.


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A magnetic lens spectrometer has been used in conjunction with an electrostatic accelerator to study gamma-radiation produced by light-nuclear reactions. The apparatus and techniques for its use are described. Formulas are given which are used in analyzing the data.

A radiative transition in Li[superscript 6], produced by the (resonant) reaction Be[superscript 9](p[...])Li[superscript 6]* was studied in detail. The gamma-ray energy was found to be 3.572 [...] 0.012 Mev, not correcting for a 0.026-Mev Doppler shift. The internal pair spectrum was strong evidence that the transition proceeded by magnetic dipole (M1) radiation, but electric quadrupole (E2) was not finally excluded. Capture radiation from the same resonance has energy 8.1 [...] 0.2 Mev and is 10[superscript 3] times less intense.

The internal pair spectrum from the first excited state of Be[superscript 10] (produced by Be[superscript 9](dp)Be[superscript 10]*) showed the radiation to be E2. The internal pairs from the 3.60-Mev transition of B[superscript 10] exclude El for that radiation. Gamma-rays assigned to B[superscript 10] were measured (without Doppler correction) as 3.595 [...] 0.014, 4.44 [...] 0.03, and 5.98 [...] 0.04 Mev. The last named was assigned to the 5.93-Mev level of B[superscript 10].

Gamma-rays produced by C[superscript 12] + D[superscript 2] have energies 3.843 [...] 0.014, 3.684 [...] 0.020, and 0.1682 [...] 0.001 Mev. On the basis of data presented, the first two are assigned to levels of those energies in C[superscript 13] and the last as a transition between them. Arguments are given that the presence of this low-energy transition, in conjunction with other data, assigns spins 5/2, even, and 3/2, odd, to the respective levels. The internal pairs agree with M2 for the higher-energy radiation but definitely exclude only El. Internal pair data for the 3.68-Mev transition is inconclusive, but suggests E2 or El.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy
Major Option:Physics
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Unknown, Unknown
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1953
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04252003-093200
Persistent URL:
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1495
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:25 Apr 2003
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:38

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