Alford, William Lumpkin (1953) The mean lifetime of V-particles. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04212003-085844
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A maximum-likelihood procedure for determining mean lifetimes of V-particles from cloud chamber data is discussed and applied to samples taken from a group of 134 neutral V-particle decays. For 74 events which were consistent with a decay into a proton and a negative pi meson, a lifetime of (2.5[...]0.7) x 10(superscript -10) sec is obtained. Dividing the data into "low-Q" and "high-Q" groups on the basis of the calculated energy release in the decay, a value of [tau][subscript L] = (2.9) [...] 0.8) x 10[superscript -10] sec is found for those cases with 0 < Q <= 50 Mev and a value of [tau][subscript H] = (1.6 [...] 0.5) x 10[superscript -10] sec is found for those cases with 50 < Q < 150 Mev. While no significant difference exists between these two values, the difference is greater than for other plausible division schemes which are considered.
A qualitative discussion of lifetimes is given for the case of 23 charged V-particle decays. For the charged V-particles these data suggest either a lifetime less than that of the neutral V-particles, provided the sample is homogeneous, or a more likely an apparent average lifetime less than that of the neutral V-particles, if the sample is a mixture of two or more types of particles. The possibility of kappa mesons making up a part of these decays is considered and data indicating lifetimes approximately equal to or longer than 10[superscript -9] sec for both the kappa and tau mesons are briefly discussed.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||1 January 1953|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||21 Apr 2003|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:38|
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