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Corroles

Citation

Weaver, Jeremy John (2005) Corroles. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04122005-152030

Abstract

Corroles, porphyrin analogues, are the center of a rapidly growing field of research. By virtue of a missing meso-carbon, corroles retain the aromaticity of porphyrins, but become tribasic ligands in place of the dibasic porphyrin. This thesis is a study of synthetic methods for corroles, as well as their photophysical properties and potential applications.

New synthetic methodologies for the free-base molecules have been used to obtain corroles with pentafluorophenyl meso substituents in both water-soluble and non-water-soluble forms. Closed-shell metallocorrole complexes have been synthesized by introducing Ga(III) and Sn(IV) ions into the macrocycle. Likewise, an open shell transition metal corrole utilizing Mn(III) has been made. Problems arising from making a third type of closed shell metallocorrole by introduction of In(III) are also discussed. Among other characterizations of these complexes, Gouterman’s four-orbital model for porphyrins is reinterpreted under the reduced symmetry of the corrole macrocycle to explain the absorption and singlet emission spectra of the molecules. Evidence of a triplet excited state is also presented.

The application of corrole complexes to other aspects of chemistry is then examined in two different areas. The interactions of the water-soluble corroles with human serum albumin were investigated to assess their usefulness as diagnostic agents and drugs for cancer research. These highly colored compounds have also been introduced as the dye component of dye-sensitized solar cells, and various aspects of the cells, including overall efficiency, have been tested.

This thesis concludes with a summary of results obtained from collaborations on the interactions of corroles in cellular systems and synthetic attempts toward new types of water-soluble corroles, including an imidazole substituted chromium corrole and a sulfonated manganese nitrido corrole

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Subject Keywords:corrole; four-orbital model; gallium; lifetimes; metallocorrole; photophysics; protein interactions; quantum yields; solar cells; tin
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Major Option:Chemistry
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Gray, Harry B.
Thesis Committee:
  • Barton, Jacqueline K. (chair)
  • Collier, C. Patrick
  • Gray, Harry B.
  • Richards, John H.
Defense Date:5 May 2005
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04122005-152030
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04122005-152030
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1359
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:23 May 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:37

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