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An experimental investigation of heat and momentum transfer in smooth and rough tubes at various Prandtl numbers

Citation

Dipprey, Duane F. (1961) An experimental investigation of heat and momentum transfer in smooth and rough tubes at various Prandtl numbers. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04082005-110724

Abstract

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Results are presented from an experimental investigation of the relation between heat transfer and friction in smooth and rough tubes. Three rough tubes and one smooth tube were formed from electroplated nickel. The rough tubes contained a close-packed, granular type of surface with roughness-height-to-diameter ratios ranging from 0.0024 to 0.049. Measurements of the heat transfer coefficients [...] and the friction coefficients [...] were obtained with distilled water flowing through the electrically heated tubes. A Prandtl number range of 1.20 to 5.94 was investigated by adjusting the bulk temperature of the water. Results were obtained for Reynolds numbers from 6 x [...] to 5 x [...] and from 1.4 x [...] to 1.2 x [...] at the lowest and highest Prandtl number respectively.

A similarity rule for heat transfer was used to correlate, interpret and extend the experimental results. The results were compared with previously existing results, both theoretical and experimental. Increases in [...] due to roughness of as high as 270 percent were obtained. These increases were, in general, accompanied by even larger increases in [...]. An exception to this general behavior occurs at high Prandtl number in the region of transition between the "smooth" and the "fully rough" [...] characteristic.

Item Type:Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))
Degree Grantor:California Institute of Technology
Division:Engineering and Applied Science
Major Option:Mechanical Engineering
Thesis Availability:Public (worldwide access)
Research Advisor(s):
  • Sabersky, Rolf H.
Thesis Committee:
  • Unknown, Unknown
Defense Date:1 January 1961
Record Number:CaltechETD:etd-04082005-110724
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-04082005-110724
Default Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:1306
Collection:CaltechTHESIS
Deposited By: Imported from ETD-db
Deposited On:08 Apr 2005
Last Modified:26 Dec 2012 02:37

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