Steigerwald, Michael L. (1984) 2s + 2s reactions at transition metals. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-01032007-142600
A study of the suprafacial 2 + 2 reaction at transition metal centers is presented. It is demonstrated that this reaction is allowed and proceeds with a low activation energy if the reacting transition metal-to-substituent bond is covalent, nonpolar, and has a large component at transition nickel d-orbital character. These chains are evinced by examination of 2s + 2s reactions at M-H bonds. Those systems in which M can use d orbitals show lower barriers to the 2s + 2s reaction than those in which M cannot use d orbitals.
The importance of the electronic structure of the metal-to-substituent bond is highlighted by a study of dichorotitanacyclopropane. This molecule, being a metallacyclopropane, can undergo 2s + 2s reactions which one unavailable to a simple olefin.
Studies concerning the importance of 2s + 2s reactivity in the organic chemistry of nickel, and in the Ziegler-Natta polymerization of simple olefins are presented.
It is suggested that the principle of maximum bonding (the Woodward-Hoffmann rules) implies the conservation of transition metal covalency in low-energy catalytic cycles.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.))|
|Degree Grantor:||California Institute of Technology|
|Division:||Chemistry and Chemical Engineering|
|Thesis Availability:||Public (worldwide access)|
|Defense Date:||12 September 1983|
|Default Usage Policy:||No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.|
|Deposited By:||Imported from ETD-db|
|Deposited On:||03 Jan 2007|
|Last Modified:||26 Dec 2012 02:26|
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