Citation
Erma, Victor A. (1961) An extension of the statistical model of the atom. Dissertation (Ph.D.), California Institute of Technology. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd03232006110604
Abstract
The statisical model of the atom is extended within the semiclassical framework to inlude the correlation energy of the electron gas, obtained by an interpolation formula which reproduces the known high and low density limits exactly. The basic equations of the model are derived, and general theoretical results valid for all free atoms and ions are obtained. These include the determination of the electron density at the edge of the atom, a virial theorem for the atom, an estimate for the correlation energy as a function of Z, and a treatment of the FermiAmaldi correction. The theory of the compressed atom is also treated, and an equation of state as well as a virial theorem for atoms under pressure is derived. The equations of the model are solved in terms of a ThoinasFermiDirac  like approximation, in terms of a semiconvergent expansion for the potential near the nucleus, and numerically for the atoms Argon, Chromium, Krypton, Xenon and Uranium on the Burroughs Computer. Complete tables of the solutions obtained are given. The solutions of the model are illustrated in detail for the case of Argon, including a calculation of the energy terms of the Argon atom. Finally, the extended model is applied to the calculation of equations of state, the crosssection for smallangle scattering of mediumenergy electrons from atoms, and atomic polarizabilities and diamagnetic susceptibilities. It is found that the extended model leads to improved agreement with experimental values.
Item Type:  Thesis (Dissertation (Ph.D.)) 

Degree Grantor:  California Institute of Technology 
Division:  Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy 
Major Option:  Physics 
Thesis Availability:  Public (worldwide access) 
Research Advisor(s): 

Thesis Committee: 

Defense Date:  1 January 1961 
Record Number:  CaltechETD:etd03232006110604 
Persistent URL:  http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd03232006110604 
Default Usage Policy:  No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided. 
ID Code:  1069 
Collection:  CaltechTHESIS 
Deposited By:  Imported from ETDdb 
Deposited On:  27 Mar 2006 
Last Modified:  26 Dec 2012 02:35 
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